Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana (Watershed Development Component)
Uttarakhand State is well endowed with forest and water resources. More than 12,000 glaciers and 8 major river catchments act as the lifeline for the entire hydrological system of Indo-Gangetic plain. The Himalayan Watersheds are under constant threat of mass wasting and erosion caused by depletion of forest cover, unscientific agronomic practices, hydrologic imbalances and natural calamities. The ever increasing population, the need to provide a better quality of life to the people and the pressure on natural resources is further compounding the problem. Considering the magnitude of the problems, the Uttarakhand Govt. has realized the significance of taking up watershed based planning. A total of about 8 watersheds, 116 sub watersheds and 1110 Micro Watersheds have been identified in the state which are being taken up for regeneration and sustainable development, in a phased manner.
In the state, thrust has been given to Integrated Watershed Development Programs. A separate Directorate- Watershed Management Directorate (WMD) has been established as a nodal agency for coordination, monitoring and implementation of integrated watershed management programs in the state. With this objective in mind the State Level Nodal Agency has been formulated according to the Common Guidelines for watershed development project 2008 and has been anchored with the Watershed Management Directorate.
VISION OF WATERSHED MANAGEMENT DIRECTORATE
‘To improve the productive potential of natural resources and increase incomes of rural inhabitants in degraded watersheds of the state through socially inclusive, institutionally and environmentally sustainable approaches.’
INTEGRATED WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PROGRAMME
Under the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) untreated microwatersheds (MWS) of the State’s would be treated on priority basis. In the State 1110 MWS have delineated leaving Haridwar District. Of these 537 MWS are untreated within these 409 MWS have been identified which are below 3200 mt. altitude comprising a total area of 18,11,887 ha. and additionally 1,20,000 ha. area from Haridwar district for the IWMP. The criteria and weightage for selection of MWS has been done on the basis of criteria provided by Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development, Govt. of India.